Forest Plants

A wide range of herbaceous plants are found in the forests, either as ground cover or in the trees as epiphytes. Various lianas and climbers are also common plants in these forests.

Herbaceous ground plants:

Bush Lily (Clivia miniata), Blood Lily (Scadoxus puniceus), Mother-in-law’s-tongue (Sanseveria hyacinthoides), White Paintbrush (Haemanthus albiflos), Forest Commelina (Coleotrype natalensis), Small Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum modestum), Buckweed (Isoglossa woodii), many species of Plectranthus including Plectranthus ambiguus, Plectranthus ecklonii, and Plectranthus fruticosus. Non-flowering plants include; the Ground Cycad (Encephalartos villosus), Stangeria Cycad (Stangeria eriopus) and various mosses and ferns. Some grasses also grow in open forest and glades such as Basket Grass (Oplismenus hirtellus), Broad-leaved Panicum (Panicum deustum) and Broad-leaved Bristle Grass (Setaria megaphylla).

Epiphytes:

Matches Mistletoe (Tapinanthus kraussianus), Hairy-lipped Polystachya (Polystachya pubescens), Leopard Orchid (Ansellia africana), other orchids such as; Mystacidium capense, Mystacidium venosum, Polystachya ottoniana, Angraecum conchiferum, Cyrtorchis arcuata and Diapananthe caffra. Mosses and ferns may also grow as epiphytes.

Climbers:
Black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), Wild Cucumber (Coccinia palmata), Climbing Bamboo (Flagellaria guineensis) and Flame Lily (Gloriosa superba).

Listed below are some publications that may be useful: